The rail industry is a 24/7/365 business focused on moving the economy. Operations do not take the weekend off and because of this conductors and engineers have benefits and challenges in their work. The positives are a good salary, health benefits and opportunities to grow within the company. The challenges include working on call with a 2-hour call window and potentially missing important holidays or events.
People and safety are part of CP’s core foundations. We are committed to safe operations and a well-rested workforce is an important part of that. Our engineers and conductors have many rest opportunities to ensure they get the time off they need between shifts. Unfortunately, they do not take the rest they are entitled to 35% of the time.
CP has seen fundamental change in the past 5 years. These changes were necessary to put CP back on solid ground and on track for a sustainable future. To that end, So far this year we have hired 208 conductors and engineers and 176 maintenance of way of employees across the network.
Under the collective agreement, employees are entitled to the below rest options except for bridges to earned days off and leave of absence requests, which are based on availability. It is the employee’s responsibility to know what their rest entitlements are and to manage their rest accordingly.
HOME TERMINAL REST
Upon arrival at their home terminal, employees can schedule up to 24-hours rest (+2 hour call).
AWAY FROM HOME REST
An employee may schedule up to 8-hours rest (+2 hour call) upon arrival at an away-from-home terminal.
Should an employee work more than 10 consecutive hours, he or she can take extra time off at a rate of 3 to 1 for each minute worked over 10-hours with a minimum of 1-hour of additional rest opportunity.
REST AFTER ENGINE SERVICE BRAKEMEN (ESB) IS HELD TO WORK AS ENGINEER AND IS NOT USED
An employee may schedule up to 10-hours rest (+2 hour call) after being held for greater than 18 hours then released.
RULES QUALIFICATION REST
After qualifying for rules, an employee may schedule up to 12-hours rest (+2 hour call).
REST AFTER ANNUAL VACATION
Following an annual vacation, employees may schedule up to 6-hours rest (+2 hour call) before starting work.
NO EMPLOYEE EVER HAS TO WORK WHEN THEY THINK THEY ARE TOO TIRED
All conductors and engineers are allowed to advise CP they are unfit to report for work without giving a reason.
EARNED DAYS OFF (EDO)
Employees can earn up to 12 additional days off each year. These can be taken 3-per-month or banked. Access to EDO cannot be denied.
BRIDGE TO EARNED DAY OFF
Employees may request additional time off to a bridge to their EDO so they do not have to work if their rest expires beforehand.
LEAVE OF ABSENCE/PERSONAL LEAVES
Employees may request an extended leave of absence or personal leave.
OFF FOR MILES
At certain mileage periods, employees can schedule up to 48-hours rest (+2 hour call), twice per month. Additionally, after accruing the maximum monthly mileage amount, they can take the remainder of the month off, plus additional rest time before returning.
The typical Canadian T&E employee
(Based on T&E employees who worked exclusively in road service and worked a minimum of 100 shifts in 2015)
AVERAGE ANNUAL WAGES
Engineers – $114,068
Conductors – $95,384
TIME ON DUTY
Three most common shift lengths 6-7 hours (18.21%), 7-8 hours (15.78%) and 5-6 hours (14.24%)
AVERAGE REST TAKEN
226.6 hours /month (9.44 days)
Upon arrival at their home terminal, employees can schedule up to 24-hours rest (+2 hour call). An employee may schedule up to 8-hours rest (+2 hour call) upon arrival at an away-from-home terminal.
20:29 – Road Service (Home)
5:18 – Road Service (Away)
Average show there was rest not taken.
TIME OFF BETWEEN TRIPS
In road service employees do not take the full amount of rest they are entitled to 40% of the time
12:34 – between trips at the away-from-home terminal
34:12 – between trips at the home terminal for crews
Average number of days worked in a week: 4
Definitions for train service
UNASSIGNED ROAD SERVICE
Employees in unassigned service work in pools. These are groups of employees who are called on a first-in, first-out basis to take freight trains from one location to another and bring back another train. The majority (72%) of Canadian T&E employees are in unassigned road service.
ASSIGNED ROAD SERVICE
This refers to employees on fixed road assignments serving specific customers. They have firm start times and assigned days off. Employees in assigned road service make up is 14% of the T&E workforce.
TWO HOUR CALL PROVISION
The amount of advance call notification given to operating employees before going on duty as established by the collective agreement. At CP the standard advance notice is 2 hours. For example, upon arrival at their home terminal, employees can schedule up to 24-hours rest (+2 hour call)
Employees on yard assignments have fixed start times and assigned days off. Yard service represents 14% of T&E employees in Canada. Employees in yard service typically work 8-hour shifts. Any time over 8 hours is overtime.